Money Laundering Reporting Officer (MLRO)

Money Laundering is to ensure that the money that has been acquired illegally appears to have been obtained legitimately. In simpler terms, it is the process of turning the profit of illegal activity into a legitimate income. Money laundering, which is the process of disguising the proceeds of crime and integrating them into the legitimate financial system, can also be defined as activities aimed at hiding, covering, or showing the nature, source, location, status, movement. It is a crime. Therefore, companies have employees to analyze it and report to the required institutions, and those employees are called MLRO. They play an essential role in providing anti-money laundering regulations.


What Is The MLRO?

As we mentioned earlier, MLRO works against financial crime and financing of the terrorism framework. It is responsible for reporting financial crime information or doubt to the relevant authorities as it should be. MRLO is the person who decides on AML reporting that may affect a company's relationship with its customer and exposure to criminal, legal, regulatory, and disciplinary action. Besides, MLRO should take sufficient responsibility to ensure that the business can access all client files and business information to make the necessary decisions.


Who Can Become An MLRO

While there is no definite regulatory provision about who should be brought to the MLRO, there are still a few expected and specific criteria. One of the MLRO's most sublime duties is to assume and manage various levels of risk. Managing, shaping, and reporting these risks. At this stage, the management needs to guide and give the necessary permissions. MLROs can be individuals who have developed integrity, leadership, management, good analysis, reporting, and presentation features, have senior manager permission and management, are aware of their duty, and have the authority to follow up on current legislation and correct their own company's regulations in accordance with these legislations.


Money Laundering Report Officer (MLRO)



What Are The Responsibilities of The MLRO?


  • It is the responsibility of MLRO to decide whether sufficient suspicion is required to generate reports on money laundering and also to disclose it to the relevant authorities properly.
  • To observe and plan new legislation on the development of AML policies, systems, and procedures to ensure effective implementation.
  • Money laundering, terrorist financing (AML / CTF), and fraud prevention are also responsible.
  • MLRO must ensure its customers know and execute Customer Due Diligence ("CDD"). CDD is an important part of Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing ("PMLFT") requirements. Enables the person in question to know who their customers are and not to accept them except for risk appetite
  • MLRO should develop and implement an in-house training program.
  • The role of the MLRO has an important responsibility and should be undertaken by an appropriately experienced person.
  • MLRO should be able to evaluate the risk of financial crimes, identify problems in compliance processes and analyze them
  • MLRO should be sure, that AML guarantees should be sufficient. Otherwise, a firm's MLRO may be subject to higher fines or worse sanction
  • MLRO is an extremely important and risky business position, so senior executives must understand the role.