Banks, central to money management and transactions, are particularly at risk for money laundering. They are responsible for detecting and reporting suspicious activities to prevent criminal funds from entering the economy, which is crucial for maintaining the integrity of the financial system and complying with transparency and accountability standards.
With the rise of digital banking, cryptocurrencies, and international capital flows, AML rules have become more complex. Banks now need strong AML compliance programs with sophisticated customer identification, transaction monitoring, and adaptability to regulatory changes. This paper will discuss the current AML landscape, challenges for banks, and the future of AML in light of technological and financial developments.