What is an Ultimate Beneficial Ownership (UBO)?

What is UBO? The Ultimate Beneficial Owner, shortly known as UBO, defines the company's beneficiary's legal entity. According to the regulator, banks, investment companies, insurance companies, financing companies, and other financial companies must disclose the UBO for various reasons. One of the reasons for this is to prevent serious crimes such as money laundering and terrorist financing. The lack of disclosure of UBOs paves the way for people to launder money through companies. Therefore, countries should pay attention to UBO in the fight against money laundering and terrorist financing.

Who Is Ultimate Beneficial Owner (UBO) for Companies?

  • People who have at least a 25% stake in the capital of the legal entity
  • People who have at least 25% voting right in the general assembly.
  • People who are beneficiaries of at least 25% of the capital of the legal entity

FATF and the European Union are both agree that UBOs have ML / TF risk. Ultimate beneficial ownership regulations are included in AML regulations. For example, important information and obligations regarding the UBOs have been reported in the EU's Fourth Anti-Money Laundering Directive (MLD4), Fifth Anti-Money Laundering Directive (MLD5) FATF Recommendations. According to MLD4, UBO screening must be done to senior managers other than the above criteria.

Ultimate Beneficial Owner (UBO), meaning is the person or entity that is the ultimate beneficiary when an institution initiates a transaction. The beneficial owner is the natural person who, ultimately, the person on whose behalf a transaction is conducted. It also includes those persons who exercise ultimate effective control over a legal person or arrangement.

The issue of ultimate beneficial owners or controllers has become more critical internationally: it plays a central role in transparency, the integrity of the financial sector, and law enforcement efforts. Beneficial owners are always natural persons who ultimately own or control a legal entity or arrangement, such as a company, a trust, a foundation, etc.

Is Ultimate Beneficial Owner (UBO) Scan Mandatory for Companies?

Reputation is significant for companies because the company's reputation affects customers' trust in the company. Therefore, companies want not to be on the agenda with bad news and protect their companies from the factors that will harm their reputation. Collaborating with fraudulent companies or not meeting AML requirements will cause companies to face fines. This leads to the loss of the company's reputation.

One way to avoid this is to do a UBO scan. UBO scanning is a mandatory process for companies that are responsible for anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing laws. The companies check the counter company's directors by scanning the Ultimate Beneficial Ownership in their business agreements. This screening determines whether the company's owners or shareholders will pose a problem for their companies. Companies performing UBO scanning may decide not to make business deals with high-risk companies to maintain their corporate reputation.

Companies that do not perform Ultimate Beneficial Owner scanning face various risks. Failure of a company to carry out UBO checks causes it to fail to detect risks. For this reason, companies may cooperate with criminals or fraudulent individuals without realizing them and may harm company reputations. Apart from this, companies that do not perform UBO checks are punished by regulators according to AML laws if they are under the AML / CFT obligation.

UBO Check

Companies can perform UBO verification in seconds with the Sanction Scanner. Companies can scan owners and shareholders of companies in business deals between AML and PEP data from more than two hundred countries and identify risks. Protect your company's reputation, comply with ultimate beneficial ownership regulations, and ensure AML compliance by scanning the beneficial owner. You can contact us or request a demo for detailed information about UBO scanning.