Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (or FINRA) is a nonprofit government agency that aims to protect U.S. investors and ensure market integrity, supervises U.S. brokers. Founded in 2007, Financial Industry Regulatory Authority FINRA supervises and regulates more than 4250 brokerage firms in the USA.
We have said that the purpose of FINRA is to protect investors' rights and to ensure the stability of the markets. FINRA takes on some duties and responsibilities to achieve this goal.
Financial institutions serving in the USA have to comply with the "Bank Secrecy Act." The BSA money laundering law contains a number of laws. The purpose of Anti-Money Laundering/Counter-Terrorism Financing regulations is to detect and prevent crimes such as money laundering, terrorist financing, corruption, and bribery. FINRA audits whether companies comply with their obligations of AML regulations. An AML compliance program under FINRA 3310 must have some basic principles. If we examine these principles;
In addition, FINRA organizes Anti-Money Laundering (AML) courses to train AML compliance officers. Companies are also referred to as the Money Laundering Reporting Officer, MLRO, who will analyze money laundering and report suspicious situations to the necessary institutions. MLRO meaning can be said as providing anti-money laundering regulations in the company.
FINRA AML fines companies that fail to meet their obligations and violate investor rights. If we examine the fines of FINRA; Companies in the U.S. were fined $ 176 million in 2016, $ 65 million in 2017, and $ 68 million in 2018.
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