Terrorism and terrorist financing is a significant problem all over the world. If the financing of terror cannot be prevented, this has big negative consequences. The financing of terrorism is the financing required by terrorists to carry out terrorist acts. Terrorists provide this funding through donations, money laundering, and drug trafficking. Terrorist funding must be prevented to end terrorism. Terror financing is mostly provided through financial systems. Financial institutions assist terrorism if the offender does not take the necessary measures. Therefore, companies aim to protect themselves from this crime by taking precautions.
For more than a decade, terrorism financing has become a common crime on which authorities have hardships to prevent. It became a major political issue after the September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States of America. It weighed heavily on the minds of those involved in the financial sector since the attacks occurred. After the attacks, a variety of laws and regulations are implemented to tackle terrorist financing, and they are known as counter-terrorist financing policy (this may be abbreviated as CFT). Under these policies, most financial institutions are demanded to satisfy many strict demands regarding monitoring customers’ transactions and behavior, conducting proper due diligence, and maintaining appropriate records.
National obligations to terrorist financing are set in the current international framework. With the intensification of the terrorist threat in recent years and the simultaneous evolution of terrorist financing typologies, the UN Security Council said that the fight against organized crime groups, funding through terrorists, and kidnapping for ransom should be suppressed.
Despite the high level of concern about the financing of terrorism, many people are still not sure about what it is and how it works. The basic definition of financing of terrorism is precise, as one might expect: the illegal smuggling of cash to terrorist organizations. It is often linked closely with money laundering, and it is common to be completed globally. Many studies have found a direct link between organized crime and financing of terrorism in the United States of America, and each issue is not analyzed generally without taking the other into account.
Many transactions that are completed to send money to terrorist organizations are small and innocent. Financers of terrorism do not spend large amounts of money at once to avoid the attention of both the governments and financial institutions. Besides, terrorist financers also use trade-based money laundering schemes to get their money across borders. This is becoming more common than before, and it’s a hard issue to get ahead of it. Between those tactics and online money transfer systems, financers of terrorists can create huge and complex networks of which the public sector is only starting to scratch the surface.
Many institutions and regulations are dedicated to fighting against the financing of terrorism. As an example, one of the primary reasons for the US Patriot Act being enforced is to cut funding to terrorist organizations. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) was created to contribute to the fight against financial offenses. One of their tactics includes encouraging other nations to strengthen their Anti-Money Laundering regulations about states that enforce them poorly. This naming and shaming have motivated many countries to stand anti-money laundering and prevention.
Many financial institutions are now asked to constantly scan their customers and learn as much as possible about their accounts. This contributes to ensuring that their customers are not involved with financial crimes and that they are not laundering money out of the country.
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