Terrorism and terrorist financing are significant problems all over the world. If the financing of terror cannot be prevented, this has big negative consequences. The financing of terrorism is the financing required by terrorists to carry out terrorist acts. Terrorists provide this funding through donations, money laundering, and drug trafficking. Terrorist funding must be prevented to end terrorism. Terror financing is mostly provided through financial systems. Financial institutions assist terrorism if the offender does not take the necessary measures. Therefore, companies aim to protect themselves from this crime by taking precautions.
History Of Countering The Financing of Terrorism
For more than a decade, terrorism financing has become a common crime that authorities have had hardships to prevent. It became a major political issue after the September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States of America. After the attacks, a variety of laws and regulations are implemented to tackle terrorist financing, and they are known as counter-terrorist financing policy (this may be abbreviated as CFT).
National obligations to terrorist financing are set in the current international framework. With the intensification of the terrorist threat in recent years and the simultaneous evolution of terrorist financing typologies, the UN Security Council said that the fight against organized crime groups, funding through terrorists, and kidnapping for ransom should be suppressed.
Despite the high level of concern about the financing of terrorism, many people are still not sure about what it is and how it works. It is often linked closely with money laundering, and it is common to be completed globally. Many studies have found a direct link between organized crime and the financing of terrorism in the United States of America, and each issue is not analyzed generally without taking the other into account.
Steps to Prevent Terrorist Financing
Many institutions and regulations are dedicated to fighting against the financing of terrorism. As an example, one of the primary reasons for the US Patriot Act being enforced is to cut funding to terrorist organizations. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) was created to contribute to the fight against financial offenses. One of their tactics includes encouraging other nations to strengthen their Anti-Money Laundering regulations against states that enforce them poorly. This naming and shaming have motivated many countries to stand anti-money laundering and prevention.
Many financial institutions are now asked to constantly scan their customers and learn as much as possible about their accounts. This contributes to ensuring that their customers are not involved with financial crimes and that they are not laundering money out of the country.
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